Category Archives: Sitcom Representation

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Representation of Women In Sitcom

Here is an excellent article on the representation of women in Tv Sitcoms.

http://www.itpmag.demon.co.uk/Downloads/SitcomAbstracta.pdf

Cultural Diversity

Humour is essential to any sitcom but what is funny can vary from place to place, country to country and person to person. In American TV Sitcoms such as Malcolm in the Middle or Will and Grace etc the humour tends to be more obvious with a lot of farce or slapstick and exaggeration. British humour, it can be argued, is a lot more satirical and wordier. American TV Sitcoms tend to be for specific audiences rather than generalised family audiences. Friends is aimed at older teens and twenties and grew up with that audience into their thirties. Malcolm in the Middle is aimed at the younger teen audience. American humour tends to be for a specific audience.

A criticism of both American and British Sitcoms is that they fail to properly represent black people or any other ethnic minority group. There was The Cosby Show in 1984, made in the US, was about a black middle class family rather than a white middle class family. No racial or cultural issues were covered in the series. In Britain Love Thy Neighbour first shown in 1972 seems cringe-makingly racist and crude if watched today. In the 1970’s when it was first broadcast it was meant to be a real attempt to represent ethnic minorities.

In Till Death Do Us Part, a biting satire by Johnny Speight first shown in 1965, people’s racist attitudes were challenged. However, Alf Garnett became the darling of the more racist West Ham supporters and some racist chants could be directly traced back to that character.

All About Me, in 2002-2003 was the first TV Sitcom to actually include a variety of different cultures and disabilities. There was an Indian mother and children, a Brummie father and children with one son in a wheelchair.

Ageism is dealt with in One Foot in the Grave, first shown in 1990, but includes a rather stereotypical view of the ‘grumpy old man’ that developed into an institution with Victor Meldrew. Waiting For God, which also appeared in 1990, was full of witty dialogue and attempted to dispel the view that old people were “past it”.

Representation of Sitcom

TV Sitcoms have spread into alternative comedy. Not only does The Royle Family have “real life” situations (pauses and all) but it is a good example of how the boundaries are always changing and being pushed. The Office is a Sitcom disguised as a documentary and is another example of how ‘reality’ is playing a bigger part in the Sitcom genre. Phoenix Nights is another TV Sitcom that stretches boundaries. The representation of family life can be compared and contrasted between My Family and The Royle Family.

Lads’ are represented in Men Behaving Badly and Two Pints of Lager and Red Dwarf’ whereas the ‘hapless hero’ figure features in Father Ted and the stereotype controlling wife in Fawlty Towers. Each successful Sitcom has at least one character that creates empathy or at least a strong recognition.